WORLD WAR ONE WORLD WAR ONE WORLD WAR

WORLD WAR ONE WORLD WAR ONE WORLD WAR

WORLD WAR ONE WORLD WAR ONE WORLD WAR ONE WORLD WAR ONE Franz Ferdinand shot to death in his car.

Nationalism- Pride in ones country Strong Nationalism in Serbia and Austria-Hungary brought conflict. mperialism

The act of taking over other countries for their land and resources Industrial Revolution Time where everything in America became bigger and better Alliances- France, Great Britain, and Russia fought Germany, Italy (will hang out and

become apart of the allied powers), and Austria-Hungary. VS Timeline of U.S. Involvement in World War I 1914

1915 1916 1917 1914 June 28 - Archduke Ferdinand is murdered

in Sarajevo by Gavril Principe. Austria declares war on Serbia Russia then begins to move to help Serbia. August 1 - Germany declares war on Russia and France August 4 - Britain declares war on Germany for invading Belgium. August 23 - Japan declares war on Germany

1915 January 4 - Germany declares the waters around the British Isles a War Zone. May 7 The British ocean liner Lusitania is sunk. December 7 President Wilson requests a standing army of 142,000 and reserves of 400,000

September 1 The Arabic pledge on honoring of Americas neutrality rights. It was Violated 1916 March 24 Three Americans die in a torpedoed French ship. When Americans die people pay. May 31 The Sussex Pledge which

Germany agreed to let Americans visit without harm under the neutrality laws. However it was violated June 16 Wilson is nominated by the Democrats under the slogan He kept us out of the war. 1917 January 31 Germany resumes

unrestricted submarine warfare, believing it can starve the Allies into submission in 6 months February 24 British secret service intercepted Zimmerman note April 2 Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to declare war on Germany May 18 Selective Service Act is passed authorizing the registration and drafting of

males between 21-30. Propaganda: the spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or a cause.

Types of Propaganda Bandwagon: Everybody is doing it Personal Attack: Pig, Commie, Fascist Testimonial: You take someone of credibility and share a quote from

them. Uses and Impact of Airplanes First used for reconnaissance Later used in air to surface combat and air to air combat Could attack targets behind enemy lines THE

ZEPPLIN Blimps By 1917 they could stay in the air for more than 95 hours at a time. Pictures were taken of troop positions from blimps during various battles Usually unarmed, except for the rifles and pistols carried by fliers.

Extremely vulnerable to attack (very slow). Tanks Tanks The British guided the first D1 tank into action in 1916 against the Germans. Initial tank attacks were successful, but early tanks were unreliable.

They often broke down and became ditched - i.e. stuck in a muddy trench - more often than anticipated. Impact of Tanks Initially helped the British win battles against the Germans Used to clear the way for infantry Had a profound impact on the way battles

were fought. Mustard Gas was created by the Germans in 1917. It was created so that it could go through clothing and protective gear, such as gas masks. It was called mustard gas because of its smell, it was also the

most effective chemical weapon of WWI because it penetrated anything, masks, clothes, it vaporized relatively easily depending on the weather conditions . It was also easy to deliver. Mustard Gas Shells

Exploding Casualties from gas Country Total Casualties Austria-Hungary 100,000 British Empire 188,706 France

190,000 Germany 200,000 Italy 60,000 Russia 419,340 USA 72,807

Others 10,000 Death 3,000 8,109 8,000 9,000 4,627

56,000 1,462 1,000 More affects of Mustard Gas Boils caused by exposure to Mustard Gas

More affects of Mustard Gas MACHINE GUN A German machine-gun in action against British airplanes: a photograph found on a dead

German soldier at Festubert. Machine Guns Fired some 400-600 small-caliber rounds per minute (beginning of the war) 800-1200 by the (end of the war)

The U-boats were first invented by Germany. On 5th September 1914, the underestimated U-boats were finally able to show their deadly potential and draw first blood. TRENCH WARFARE SIMULATION

TRENCH WARFARE SIMULATION HOW DO YOU TAKE THE OTHER SIDE MOST EFFECTIVELY USING THE NEW WEAPONS OF WAR? THE TRENCH SHOW GALLIPOLI BATTLE Mel Gibson is a trench

runner who will get to avoid the duties of trench warfare. He will have to take messages back and forth between the generals. THE 4 EVENTS THAT CHANGED

THE WAR Sinking of Lusitania Zimmerman Note Woodrow Wilson and his 14 points Treaty of Versailles The Sinking of the Lusitania

The Lusitania was the largest cruise-liner of its time. May 7, 1915, hit by enemy torpedo at 2:15 p.m. between third and fourth funnels, sunk in 20 minutes 1,198 were killed, 127 of which were Americans Z Germany intends to start unrestricted sub.

I Warfare on February 1 M Asks Mexico for alliance, and for Mexico to M re-conquer its lost territories. Wanted Mexico to contact Japan and have E them join the alliance R States that Germany plans to enforce M ruthless submarine warfare against England and plans to have England

A surrender within a few months of this note N N O T E Woodrow Wilsons 14 points

I. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view. II. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by

international action for the enforcement of international covenants. III. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. IV. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. V. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined. VI. The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national

policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy. VII. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired. VIII. All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all. IX. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.

X. The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous development. XI. Rumania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into. XII. The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees. XIII. An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a

free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed by international covenant. XIV. A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was the treaty that ended WWI. The negotiations began on January 18th 1919 with representatives from the United States, Great Britain, France, and Italy, no one

represented the German Republic that had replaced the imperial German government at the end of the war. The negotiations led to the creation of the League of Nations, which was formed to keep peace amongst the nations. The treaty also demanded reparations from Germany in the form of livestock and other valuable materials. Germany was limited to an army of 100,000 men, a Navy of 15,000men and 24 ships, with no submarines! This shows what land was lost as a result

of the war. Impact of New Technology in WWI Casualties= 21,219,452 Deaths= 8,538,315 Prisoners and missing= 7,750,919

Show chart on overhead of deaths from around the war. Click on $ on next slide to see current comparison. COST OF THE WAR The war cost $32 billion dollars Is war worth the cost?

What would you go to war for? Why or why not?

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